Arts

Berlin restitutes painting to heirs of ‘degenerate’ artist for the first time

A fragment of Hans Baldung Grien's painting of Lot (1537) © Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz

Berlins Gemäldegalerie has restituted a 16th-century painting by Hans Baldung Grien to the heirs of Hans Purrmann, a friend of Henri Matisse who was persecuted by the Nazis as a “degenerate” artist and was forced to sell the work from his collection after losing his livelihood.

Dating from around 1537, the painting depicts the biblical character Lot and is a fragment of a much larger work that originally showed him with his two naked daughters. Baldung is known to have produced at least two almost identical versions. Purrmann sold it to Berlins state museums in 1937.

“He did receive a price commensurate with the market at the time, but from todays perspective, the reason for the sale was Purrmanns difficult financial situation caused by persecution,” the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation said in a statement.

The Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation has restituted dozens of works lost due to Nazi persecution; the vast majority of them to the descendants of Jewish collectors. On occasion, it has returned works to the heirs of other persecuted groups such as the Freemasons. But this is the first restitution by the foundation to the heirs of a victim of Adolf Hitlers vicious campaign against the Modern art he condemned as “degenerate".

Purrmann was born in 1880 in the city of Speyer in southwest Germany and studied in Berlin. In 1905, he left Germany for Paris, where he met Picasso and Matisse and became one of the founding members of the “Académie Matisse,” a private painting school. The outbreak of the First World War compelled him to return to Berlin.

Soon after the Nazis seized power in 1933, murals he had painted in Speyer were covered with swastika flags. Many of his works were seized from GermaRead More – Source