Coronavirus incidence rate in Spain falls 64% in a month, with almost all regions now under 300 cases per 100,000 inhabitants
The number of new coronavirus cases in Spain continues to fall. The start of this ongoing descent was first recorded a month ago, on November 9. According to the Spanish Health Ministry’s latest report, released on Wednesday evening, the 14-day cumulative number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants is now below 300 in nearly every Spanish region and territory. Only the Basque Country (309) and Asturias (304) are above this level. The average incidence rate across Spain now stands at 193.26, down from a peak of 529.43 a month ago – a fall of 63.5%.
The Health Ministry report published on Wednesday also includes figures from Tuesday, when no data was released as it was a public holiday in many regions. According to the report, 9,836 new coronavirus cases were recorded in the two days, bringing the total number of infections since the beginning of the pandemic to 1,712,101. These figures, however, should be viewed with caution, given that there is often underreporting over weekends and public holidays. In some regions, Monday, December 6 was also a public holiday, resulting in a four-day long weekend.
Once you apply rigorous restriction measures, the impact is huge and the risk of contagion is going to be reduced
JOSÉ MARTÍNEZ OLMOS, FORMER SECRETARY GENERAL FOR HEALTH
The number of Covid-19 fatalities should also be treated with the same caution. The Health Ministry added 373 victims to the official death toll, which now stands at 47,019. This equates to an average of 167 deaths over the two-day period, a number not seen since October 28.
Pressure on Spain’s hospitals is also easing, according to Wednesday’s report. Covid-19 patients now occupy 9.91% of all hospital beds, down from 27.28% a month ago. The occupancy rate in intensive care units (ICUs) has also fallen. When the Health Ministry issued its previous report on December 4, Covid-19 patients occupied 24.64% of ICU beds. On Wednesday that figure had fallen to 22.93%.
“The pandemic is evolving fairly well, but we are still far from where we have to get to,” said Health Minister Salvador Illa on Wednesday, in reference to the government’s goal to reduce the 14-day cumulative number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants to 25.
But while the incidence rate has fallen sharply in the worst-affected regions, with Murcia, Navarre and Aragón recording drops of more than 70% in a month, the fall has not been as significant in the regions with the best epidemiological data. In Galicia, Madrid, Asturias and the Balearic Islands, the incidence rate has dropped by less than 50% in a month. And in the Canary Islands it has even risen 12%, although the region still has the lowest figure in the country.
Patricia Guillem, an epidemiologist from the European University in Valencia, said this situation is normal. “The fall is greater in regions that have greater incidence, because the higher it is, the more significant the change. What’s more [this fall] is essential because the figures they had were very worrying,” she explained.
Incidence rate falling, but at a slower rate
Another issue is that the incidence rate is falling at a slower rate. In the last few days, it has only dropped by 58 points, compared to the 112-point drop between November 20 and 27. This has raised concern that it will be increasingly difficult for Spain to reach its goal of lowering the 14-day cumulative number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants to 25. Former Interior Minister Miguel Sebastián said that the incidence rate will not fall to an acceptable level until January 13. And that is not taking into account the risk of new outbreaks following the Christmas holiday period.
Ramón Gálvez, the former public health chief of Castilla-La Mancha, argued tougher coronavirus restrictions were needed to bring down the incidence rate. “The problem is the force with which you act,” he explained. “If they are weak containment measures, you are not going to eradicate the virus in the region. The example of a strategy to eradicate the virus with drastic measures is China, which currently has 4,746 deaths, when Spain already has more than 46,000.”
He added: “In Spain and Europe, they have preferred containment to lower the figures, compared to contention to eradicate the virus, and they have accepted 250 to 350 people dying every day in the second wave as though it were normal.”
José Martínez Olmos, who was the secretary general for health between 2005 and 2011, agreed on the need for stricter restrictions. He explained that “a large part of the high incidence rate is linked with mobility. Once you apply rigorous restriction measures, the impact is huge and the risk of contagion is going to be reduced.”
Pedro Gullón, from the Spanish Epidemiology Society (SEE), also supported this view. “I am worried that the measures will be relaxed more, that people will relax – people will do what they are allowed to do. Perhaps some places are reopening with transmission levels that are still too high, even though the trend is good.”
False sense of security
Another concern is that the increased use of antigen tests, which provide faster results than the traditional PCR diagnostics, may be creating a false sense of security. Victoria Zunzunegui, a former professor of epidemiology at Montreal University, explained: “Antigen tests are excellent, with sensitivity and specificity similar to PCR in terms of confirming a diagnosis, but they have a very low sensitivity in the general population and this sensitivity falls to below 50% when used in a mass testing scenario.”
According to the latest data, Madrid has carried out 92,000 antigen tests compared to 58,000 PCRs, while in Castilla y León, these figures are 39,000 and 25,000, respectively. Olmos warned: “The greater use of fast testing for diagnoses implies that there is greater risk of underestimating the incidence rate due to false negatives.”
Read from source: https://english.elpais.com/society/2020-12-10/coronavirus-incidence-rate-in-spain-falls-64-in-a-month-with-almost-all-regions-now-under-300-cases-per-100000-inhabitants.html
How does overeating affect the immune system?
Overeating is a common problem that affects millions of people worldwide. While it is widely understood that excessive eating leads to obesity and other health problems, many people are unaware of the impact that overeating has on the immune system. In this article, we will explore how overeating affects the immune system and what can be done to prevent or mitigate the damage.
The immune system is the body’s defense mechanism against harmful substances and infections. It is responsible for identifying and eliminating harmful pathogens and other invaders that may cause harm to the body. When the body is functioning normally, the immune system works efficiently to keep us healthy. However, when the body is subjected to chronic stress, such as from overeating, it can become weakened, making it less effective at protecting the body against illness and disease.
One of the ways in which overeating affects the immune system is by increasing inflammation. Inflammation is a natural response of the body to injury or infection, but when it becomes chronic, it can have a negative impact on the immune system. Chronic inflammation is associated with a range of health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. When the body is constantly exposed to high levels of glucose and other harmful substances as a result of overeating, it can lead to chronic inflammation, which can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of illness.
Another way in which overeating affects the immune system is by altering the gut microbiome. The gut microbiome is the collection of microorganisms that live in the digestive tract and play a crucial role in maintaining good health. When the body is exposed to a high-fat diet, the balance of gut bacteria can become disrupted, leading to the overgrowth of harmful bacteria and the suppression of beneficial bacteria. This can result in decreased gut function and reduced immune function, making it more difficult for the body to protect itself against harmful pathogens.
In addition, overeating can also lead to obesity, which is a major risk factor for a range of health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. Obesity is associated with a range of physiological changes, including insulin resistance and the release of cytokines, which are signaling molecules that play a crucial role in the immune response. When the body is constantly exposed to high levels of cytokines, it can lead to a state of chronic inflammation, which can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of illness.
Finally, overeating can also affect the immune system by causing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress occurs when the body is exposed to an excessive amount of free radicals, which are highly reactive molecules that can cause damage to cells and tissues. When the body is constantly exposed to high levels of glucose and other harmful substances as a result of overeating, it can lead to oxidative stress, which can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of illness.
In conclusion, overeating can have a profound impact on the immune system. By increasing inflammation, altering the gut microbiome, causing obesity, and inducing oxidative stress, overeating can weaken the body’s ability to protect itself against harmful pathogens and other invaders. To maintain a healthy immune system, it is important to eat a balanced diet, engage in regular exercise, and avoid overeating. By taking these simple steps, you can help protect your immune system and reduce your risk of illness and disease.
Homelessness and mental illness are two intertwined issues that have a complex relationship. Homelessness can cause or worsen mental illness and, conversely, mental illness can contribute to homelessness. It is a vicious cycle that can be difficult to escape, and it is important to understand the ways in which these two issues are interconnected.
Homelessness can have a significant impact on a person’s mental health. Living on the streets can be a traumatic experience, with a constant fear of violence, theft, and disease. Homeless individuals often face stigma, discrimination, and a lack of privacy, which can lead to feelings of shame, hopelessness, and isolation. The stress and unpredictability of homelessness can trigger or exacerbate mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Mental illness, on the other hand, can also contribute to homelessness. Mental illness can make it difficult for individuals to maintain employment, manage their finances, and maintain stable housing. Individuals with mental illness may struggle with accessing treatment and support, and the stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness can also contribute to feelings of shame and isolation. These challenges can lead to a cycle of homelessness and mental illness, where each issue exacerbates the other.
There is a need for a coordinated and comprehensive approach to addressing homelessness and mental illness. This includes providing safe and stable housing, access to mental health treatment and support, and addressing the underlying social determinants of health that contribute to homelessness, such as poverty, lack of education and job opportunities.
Housing First, a program that prioritizes providing permanent housing to homeless individuals before addressing any other issues, has been shown to be effective in reducing homelessness and improving mental health outcomes. This approach recognizes that stable housing is a critical foundation for addressing other issues, including mental health.
In conclusion, homelessness and mental illness are complex and interrelated issues that require a comprehensive and coordinated approach to address. Providing stable housing and access to mental health treatment and support is critical for breaking the cycle of homelessness and mental illness and improving outcomes for individuals experiencing these issues. It is important to continue to address the root causes of homelessness, including poverty and lack of access to education and employment opportunities, to reduce the prevalence of homelessness and improve outcomes for those experiencing it.
Improving Reception For Children With Cancer – Basque Family Support Association
The association “Tous avec Agosti” wants 2023 to rhyme with new dynamics. For nine years now, the structure has been working to welcome families of hospitalized children in Bayonne. Since 2018, 47 families have been able to find some respite in an apartment in Anglet.
Apartment in Anglet
Since she has benefited from an apartment in Anglet, the association “Tous avec Agosti” has enabled nearly 50 families of patients hospitalized at the Center Hospitalier de la Côte Basque to stay close to their loved ones. This represents 600 overnight stays, 47 families from 23 departments and even from Belgium and Spain. At the beginning of 2023, the structure has just had its prefectural approval renewed and sees things big.
“We have been working in our area for years,” notes Frédéric de Arroyave, the association’s president, but “in 2023, we will show ourselves much more, on the markets for example, but also in acts. The apartment we have in Anglet is a haven of peace for families going through terrible times, but for some it is difficult to access”. The apartment is located on the alleys of the Jardins d’Arcadie, near Biarritz – Pays Basque airport. We want to get closer to the Bayonne hospital.
The association “Tous avec Agosti” was born in 2015. Agosti, 10 years old, is suffering from cancer and taken care of at Bordeaux hospital for 6 months. His father, Frédéric de Arroyave, living in Ahetze, has the possibility of integrating a parents’ house and can stay with his child. Such a structure did not exist in Bayonne, so he launched the project and the association which lives today thanks to donations from contributors and the dozen (very) active volunteers. Each year, approximately 4,000 children are hospitalized in Bayonne.
This article is originally published on francebleu.fr
Australia4 years ago
Button and Diane Powellpark the school bus after three decades
Australia4 years ago
Button and Diane Powellpark the school bus after three decades
Europe2 years ago
Covid: Flights shut down as EU discusses UK virus threat
Europe2 years ago
Post-Brexit trade: Is red tape chaos just ‘teething trouble’ as the UK government argues?
Tech3 years ago
Search engine startup asks users to be the customer, not the product
Tech1 year ago
Sign up to The Independent’s free cryptocurrency expert panel event
Health2 years ago
Spain ‘to register’ those who refuse to have Covid-19 vaccine
Arts5 years ago
How a chain-link mosque at the Vancouver Biennale became a community hub