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Symptoms and Treatments of Hypertension

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Blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a medical condition that causes a great deal of damage to the body. When the pressure is consistently high, it can lead to a number of medical conditions, including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and eye problems. When your blood pressure is higher than 120/80 mm Hg, it is considered hypertension. However, if you have a high pressure reading only occasionally, you may not be at risk of developing the condition.

Fortunately, there are ways to detect hypertension in its early stages, such as regular blood pressure screenings. Experts recommend that anyone over 40 have their blood pressure checked once a year. Those who have a family history of high blood pressure should have their readings more often.

High blood pressure can affect several organs, including the heart, the kidneys, the eyes, and the brain. Proper management of your blood pressure can significantly reduce your risk of developing serious health problems. It may even prevent you from suffering from a heart attack, which is when the heart stops receiving blood. This causes the heart muscle to die without oxygen. In some cases, hypertension can even lead to heart failure, which can lead to death.

Treatment for hypertension focuses on lowering your blood pressure. You can reduce your blood pressure with lifestyle changes and medication. Small changes in your habits can reduce your blood pressure by 10 to 20 mmHg. However, it is important to make sure that you take your blood pressure medication as prescribed by your healthcare provider. If you stop taking your medication, you risk developing heart disease or stroke.

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How Does COVID-19 Compare With Seasonal Influenza?

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Despite the fact that COVID-19 and flu symptoms can be similar, the viruses are actually different. They are caused by different viruses that spread by coughing, sneezing, and touching other people.

While the flu is less harmful than COVID-19, both viruses have the potential to cause severe illness and even death. Fortunately, flu and COVID-19 are preventable with vaccination.

Flu symptoms may include a fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and headache. People can also develop sinus infections, ear infections, and pneumonia. Unless the virus is very severe, most people recover in two weeks. However, if you develop a severe flu, you may need to go to the hospital. Some people may need to use a ventilator or get intravenous medications.

Both illnesses are characterized by the same symptoms, but COVID-19 is more dangerous. It may have more severe symptoms than the flu, such as a cough that lasts for months, a high fever, and a shortness of breath.

COVID-19 and flu are also different in their treatment. While both illnesses can be treated at home, severe cases require hospitalization and may need to be ventilated. COVID-19 may also be treated with supplemental oxygen and mechanical ventilation on a breathing machine.

Flu symptoms can last from one to four days, while COVID-19 symptoms can last for several weeks or months. The symptoms of flu may be less severe than COVID-19, but both illnesses can be very serious.

There are two different vaccines for COVID-19, and the vaccines are matched with the dominant strains of the virus. A booster shot may be required if you have not been vaccinated previously.

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Obesity Risks and Healthy Problems

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Obesity is a complex health problem, which has many causes, including environmental, social, and personal factors. Individuals’ dietary patterns, physical activity, and stress levels may increase their risk of obesity. Lifestyle changes, such as incorporating more physical activity, may reduce the risk of obesity.

Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases. It can also make a person feel out of place or ashamed. It can even shorten a person’s life. People with obesity are at a higher risk of death than those with normal weight. Having an excess of body fat can increase the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure.

Excess weight can irritate the liver, which can lead to chronic inflammation and scarring. It can even cause liver failure. Losing weight and exercising regularly can help reverse the effects of fatty liver disease and keep it at bay. Other health problems associated with obesity include gallstones, which develop when bile becomes too backed up and forms a stone. The gallbladder is also enlarged in obese people, which makes gallstones more likely to form. In severe cases, gallstones can require surgical treatment and can be painful.

A number of studies have shown a direct association between excess body weight and coronary artery disease (CAD). The BMI-CAD Collaboration Investigators conducted a meta-analysis of twenty-one studies, involving over three hundred thousand people over a 16-year period. They found that those who were obese or overweight had an increased risk of developing the condition by 32 percent. Adjusting for other factors such as cholesterol level did not change these results.

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Monkeypox antiviral drug put to the test in trial

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More than 3,000 people in the UK have caught the monkeypox virus in recent months, with more cases anticipated.

The virus, which is spreading rapidly in other countries as well, has been declared a global health emergency.

The infection typically gets better on its own, but recovery can take weeks and there can be serious complications.

“The aim is to find a treatment that can help people get better quicker and get out of quarantine,” said Professor Sir Peter Horby, one of the PLATINUM trial researchers at the University of Oxford.

Around 500 patients will take part in the trial. Some will be treated twice-daily with tecovirimat tablets while they recuperate from the virus in their own home; others will receive a placebo – or dummy treatment – instead.

By comparing the two groups of volunteers, the researchers hope to have the results for the drug trial within months.

Tecovirimat – also known as Tpoxx – prevents the virus from leaving infected cells, stopping its spread within the body. It was licensed earlier this year for monkeypox, based on promising results from initial studies in animals and evidence of safety in healthy human volunteers.

What is monkeypox?

It is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the same family of viruses as smallpox, although much less severe.

Infections are usually mild and the risk to the general population low. However, the UK government has bought stocks of smallpox vaccine to try to halt its spread.

The virus can be spread when someone is in close contact with an infected person.

It has not previously been described as a sexually-transmitted infection, but it can be passed on by close contact.

Anyone with the virus should abstain from sex while they have symptoms.

Harun Tulunay, 35, from London, was hospitalised with a severe case of monkeypox which included a large lesion on his nose. He was treated with tecovirimat.

“When you are really sick and in pain, you are ready to try anything – but you do want to know if it is going to work or not,” he said.

“I still wanted to take it. And for the first time, my health improved and I started to feel better.

“I don’t want anyone else to become as severely sick as I was.

“This study will help patients who are not in hospital to understand how tecovirimat works, what they can expect, and the time frame of the recovery process.

“Knowing whether there is an effective treatment may also help to reduce any anxiety around monkeypox,” he added.

Minister for Public Health Maggie Throup said: “This government-funded study is an important step to finding a treatment which can help speed up the recovery of those who have monkeypox.

She added: ‘Vaccines remain our best defence against the spread of monkeypox – we urge all those eligible to come forward when contacted, and report any symptoms to NHS 111.”

 

Read from: https://www.bbc.com/news/health-62644509

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