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Pilar Río On The Importance Of Caring For Aging Parents At Home



We, sometimes, in a kind of paradox, where we are urged to have wings and fight for our dreams, travel for them if necessary, even knowing that this implies leaving our home, friends and, many times, to our parents and grandparents alone. “Each person has their circumstances,” says Pilar Río (Betanzos, 1965).

She, however, did not hesitate to decide between being with her mother or living elsewhere. When he was 18, his father died of cancer and his mother, Antonia Sabín (1930), he would have stayed alone near Paderne, Betanzos, if not because Pili, as everyone knows her, looked for a job that allowed him to live with her. Antonia from that moment dedicated himself to the field to continue keeping the home after the death of her husband.

Antonia and Gerardo Río had been married for 30 years. He was a blacksmith and had a workshop at home. She dedicated himself to the home and the garden. They married in 1954 and eleven years later they had Pili, their only daughter.

“Both put their part to not have children then,” explains Pili, although at the time of pregnancy, his father wanted a man who could inherit the workshop. While Antonia hastened to clarify: «The loving foi moi with Ela. Traballou Maito, Maito, ”he says.

When he died, they sold the iron to the scrap metal and the space where the workshop was like a ship they currently use to store things. Antonia was in charge and with the work of the field he managed to get Pili forward. “Sement onions, patacas, leitugas, fabas, millo …”, is proud, and also mentions the support of the neighbors, who helped him with Leira at the time of Gerardo’s death.

History of Pili

Pili was then in A Coruña studying to be an administrative assistant and, once he finished, he returned to Paderne to work in a cooperative.

Her mother, meanwhile, dedicated himself to the field. Some time later, Pili married and had Candela, his only daughter. “My mother told me that I could not with the work of the field and help me with Candela at the same time, so I decided Also in the care of Antonia.

Life allowed Pili to take care of his mother, who is now 92 years old. «Our circumstances were special. When Mom was a widow, I looked for a close job, in a cooperative. I have always lived with her. That is why living without my mother would be very difficult. We have a very large link. I understand that there are people who have other circumstances and that work cannot live with their parents, but in my case, I do not conceive not to take care of my mother at home, ”says Pili.

Living with her allowed him to learn from the field. «The most valuable, in addition to the company, is all that can teach me. Life experience is worth a lot. I knew of numbers, but not from the field, ”explains Pili, who once at home, also learned everything related to crops.

As for Candela, his granddaughter, living with his grandmother, ”he says, has allowed him to collect memories from early childhood. «The first memory I have as a child is her bathing, or again that, being very small that we went to collect eggs and, as I did not know they were so delicate, I threw them. She gave me a sermon that I couldn’t do it, ”he tells tenderly. “It’s not just about specific moments. My grandmother has taken care of me a lot,” he clarifies, excited, his granddaughter.

Not Everything is Perfect

Candela and Pili know that, like any situation, it now has its pros and cons. «It’s not about making care a romantic vision and saying that everything is perfect, it is not. In fact, we are very similar and discuss. If I did not live with her, maybe these discussions would not happen, but if there were not all these friction, there would not be room for love, ”argues Candela, the youngest of these three women who make pineapple.

So between care and hours in the garden, the calm days spend, with the assurance that Candela has grown with the best example, in Pilar’s words: honesty and the value of work.

Despite the years, Antonia is still very active and explains her day. «Pili érgue me; Dress me, and despis xa veño for miña horta cun saquiño small to remove herbas and work. Eu Sempre Fun Amiga do Campo, because I like everything. But agora fóiseme to Forza. As Maito de Moza danced, Agora unbelievanme as pernas, ”jokes Antonia, who despite the years, insists on continuing to take care of his garden, which after all was his livelihood. “He is very active and gets angry if he has nothing to do,” explains his daughter.

“The best teaching you can leave to Candela is responsibility,” says Pili, and her daughter Secunda. «More than telling me, I learned with the example. My grandmother worked all her life in the countryside, which is very hard, but she loved it. That allowed him to have the life he wanted, more than economically, in terms of having a trade that makes her happy. She worked from sun to sun a long time so that we could have opportunities and that has made me aware that it could not be useless, in the sense of not striving for anything. His teaching is: ‘Find a job that makes you happy and do everything you can to dedicate to it,” says Candela.

So in his house they have followed the example of his grandmother, his mother with the countryside, where they still collect chasa Galician that they sell, and where they have chickens and the garden for self -consumption. Candela, meanwhile, studied law, made a master’s degree and today exercised as a journalist. «She was raised with great freedom. She has to make her own decisions. If you want to fly alone, you have the nest open, ”says Pili.

The daughter, however, is very clear that freedom does not imply forgetting her origins. «You can have wings and roots perfectly. Follow your dreams, be independent, but that is why you have to put aside people who have dedicated a lot of time to take care of you. I sit with my grandmother to play cards, maybe an hour, but I know she dedicated more time to me as a child, ”he says.

“The best gift you can make to an older person is time,” he continues, “will value him more than anyone. What makes it the most happy is to spend time with her, even watching football. That makes them feel valued, which are not an old rag, which you consider and are important for you ».

That thought, which he learned at home, has been the one that his mother has transmitted to him and the one who has also provided them with so many joys: the company, the teachings and the happiness of seeing his grandmother well with them.

«As I ran out of a father, I always consider enjoying time with my mother, who, thank God, has been Longeva. I really enjoy the stories that he tells me, even if he repeats them, ”Pili laughs, although he also recognizes that both work, humidity and cold have taken its toll on the body of his mother, which, despite having no ailment Severe, it has been in tow for 92 years. “Eu Esou Velliña, Velliña,” says Antonia. “Belliña with B, of Bella,” Pili caresses her.

This article is originally published on

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Spain – Gas falls below 90 euros per MWh for the first time in almost two months



The price of TTF natural gas for delivery next month has fallen below 90 euros on Friday for the first time in almost two months and closes a week marked by the decision of the European Commission to cap gas with a drop of 29, 36%.
According to data from the Bloomberg platform, gas closed this Friday at 83 euros per megawatt-hour (MWh), 8.9% less than the day before and the first time it has lost 90 euros since last October 31.
After months of negotiations, the EU agreed on Monday to set a cap of 180 euros on contracts linked to the Amsterdam TTF index with a price difference of at least 35 euros above the average price of liquefied natural gas in the markets.

EU countries agree on a cap of 180 euros for gas with the support of Germany
In a report this week, the Swiss investment bank Julius Baer indicated that the chances of the mechanism being activated are low and pointed out that the chosen formula was not very effective in avoiding the multiplier effect that gas has on the price of electricity. However, he reiterated what was said in other previous reports: “Energy supply risks are minimal and prices should continue to decline in the future” due to the availability of raw materials from Asia to offset cuts from Russia.

Gas tends to fall during the hot months due to lower demand, but this summer it has reached historic heights as European countries were buying to face the winter with their tanks full and reduce their dependence on Russia. The price fell in September and October due to lower demand once the warehouses were full due to the high temperatures at the beginning of autumn, but in November it picked up again and 66% more expensive.

This article was originally published on Público

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Spain – The retirement age rises to 66 years



Ordinary retirement at age 65 ends for those who have contributed less than 38 years. In fact, 2023 will be the last year in which this can be done since it will be necessary to have a contribution career of a minimum of 37 years and nine months to be able to retire with the reference age of the last century, since it was established in 1919, and once the year is over another quarter will be added to be able to do it without cuts in the benefit.
This requirement means that to access ordinary retirement at age 65 without loss of pay, it will be necessary to have been working, at least, since April 1985 for those who exercise this right in December 2023 and since May 1984 for those who intend to do it in January.

More than ten million contributory pensioners
In the last decade, and coinciding with the implementation of the delay program, the real retirement age of Spanish workers has increased by one year, from 63.9 in 2012 to 64.8 in mid-2022, according to data from the Financial Economic Report of the Social Security included in the General State Budget.

Contributory pensions will have a historic rise of 8.5% as of January as a result of the disproportionate increase in the CPI, while for non-contributory pensions the revision will be 15%. This review will place the average pension of the contributory system at 1,187 euros per pay, while the retirement pension will rise to 1,365, the disability pension will reach 1,122 and the widow’s pension will reach 847, as a result of applying the 8.5% increase.

The Social Security forecasts point to next year, and while waiting to find out the real effects that the rise may have on the payroll due to its “call effect” to bring forward retirement given the opportunity to alleviate with it the penalties for anticipating it, the number of pensioners will consolidate above ten million, with almost two-thirds of them (6.37) as retirees, to which will be added 2.3 million widows and almost one affected by work disabilities.

This record number of pensioners will place the cost of pensions at 209,165 million euros, the bulk of which (196,399, 93.8%) will be used to pay benefits, including non-contributory ones. Health care has a budget of 1,890 million euros and social services another 3,791, while the remaining 7,144 are dedicated to operating expenses.

On the revenue side, the largest contribution comes from the contribution chapter, which will amount to 152,075 million and will leave the gap with contributory benefits at 36,765.
The imbalance will be covered by a contribution of 38,904 from the Government, to which is added a chapter of others worth 18,116 and which includes everything from sanctions to asset disposals, among other concepts.

Read more of this from the source Público

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Spain – Workers protest in Madrid for a wage increase



Inditex workers have demonstrated in Madrid this Saturday, at the beginning of the winter sales, for a wage increase and “decent” working conditions, during a day of a strike called by the CGT union.
Several hundred people have gathered to protest on Calle Preciados in Madrid in a day of shop assistants’ strike that was called throughout Spain, but which has had its greatest impact in the Community of Madrid.

This concentration occurs after the agreement was reached in Galicia on December 23 after several days of protests, in which the store employees of A Coruña reached an agreement with the group. Under this agreement, store staff, more than 1,500 people in Galicia, will have a monthly increase in salary bonuses of 322 euros during the first year, 362 euros during the second and 382 euros thereafter.

The secretary of the state section of CGT in Zara and Lefties, Ánibal Maestro, explained that the Inditex workers have decided to “take a step forward against precariousness”.

“The benefits are distributed among the shareholders and directors meeting and we demand a salary increase, so that they realize that the workers are the engine”, he has defended.

For their part, the CCOO and UGT announced this week that they will start negotiating with Inditex on January 25 at the state table on global wage measures that offset the impact of inflation in all group companies and in all territories.

Specifically, the CCOO recalled that in recent weeks, and in coordination with the UGT, the firm chaired by Marta Ortega has been asked to formalize the state table throughout this month to address global aspects of salary policy in all companies of the group and in all territories, bearing in mind both the situation and levels of provincial collective agreements, as well as the impact that inflation is having on the purchasing power of the workforce, as well as the commitment to review and improve the system of commissions for Store staff.

This article was originally published on Público

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